Muhammad Is The Last Prophet & Messenger of God…
Much has been written about the Prophet Muhammad (saas), from indepth biographies by Muslim scholars and non-Muslim researchers to sayings upon sayings of others. Muhammad ibnu Abdillah was born in Mecca in the year 569 CE. He earned his living as a trader and was known by his people as al-amin (the trustworthy one). When Muhammad (saas) reached the age of 40, the angel Gabriel came to him with revelations that established his prophethood. Muhammad (saas) was first ordered to instruct his immediate family on Islam, including his beloved wife Khadija, but eventually it was revealed to him that he should begin delivering the message to all of mankind. In the next 20 years of his life, he communicated the message of Allah to his people, and set an example for how each human being should lead her or his life. This is especially valuable since Muhammad (saas) is the last Prophet of Allah. In the year 632, the year of his death, the Prophet delivered his famous last sermon.
Reference: USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts
The last sermon of the Prophet (S) also known as Khutbatul Wada’.
It is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Following Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari refer to the sermon and quote part of it. See Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361) Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774.
This Khutbah of the Prophet-peace be upon him- was long and it contained much guidance and instructions on many issues. The Prophet-peace be upon him- gave this sermon in front of a large gathering of people during Hajj.
Whosoever heard whatever part of the sermon reported it and later some scholars put it together. It is a great khutbah and we should all pay attention to its message and guidance. Following are the basic points mentioned in this khutbah:
Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefor listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.
Just as you regard this month, this day, this city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest); therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity.
Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all interest due to Abbas Ibn ‘Abd al Muttalib (the Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived.
Beware of Satan for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
It is true that you have certain rights in regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives, only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat you women well and be kind to them, for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
Listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat.
Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black, nor a black has any superiority over a white- except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim, which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not therefor, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember one day you will appear before Allah and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone. People, no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. Reason well therefore, O people, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the Quran and the Sunnah (Hadith), and if you follow these you will never go astray. All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly.
Be my witness, O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.
The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “I wish I could see my brothers, (the Companions said) aren’t we your brothers O Prophet of Allah? He replied: No, you are my Companions. My brothers are those who come after me and believe in me without seeing me.” (Ahmed, sahih)
Are We Going To Be Amongst His Brothers On The Day Of Judgement?
The Companions of the Prophet Muhammad…
(In Arabic Ṣaḥābah الصحابة)
The Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (S) are those people who were with him, supported him, strived with him during his life time. They are the best of the best, and they are our role models. It is part of Eman (faith) to love all the Companions of the Prophet. We do not mention them but in good terms. The Prophet (saws) said: “Don’t say harsh things to any of my Companions. If one of you were to spend gold equal to Mount Uhud, he will not achieve in any measure what any one of them achieved – not even half of that.”
They are the ones who sacrificed their lives, their money, their families, their time, their EVERYTHING for the deen of Islaam, for Allah and HIs Messenger (S) – they shed their blood, tears and sweat, for us, to give us the Islam we have today – they yearned and worked hard for Paradise due to all this they had earned the Love and Pleasure of Allah and Allah promised them Jannah:
“And the Outstrippers from among the Immigrants (those who migrated from Mecca to Medina) and the Helpers (the Ansar) and those who followed them in good deeds, Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein forever. That is the great triumph.” (Al-Tawbah, 100)
The Prophet (S) called them the best of all nations in Bukhari Hadith, “The best of people is my generation (Sahaba/Companions), then those who come after them (Taabi’een/followers), then those who come after them (Taabi Taabi’een/followers of the followers)” Also referred to as As-Salaf as-Saalih.
IT IS VERY SAD TO SAY, TODAY, WE FIND MANY MUSLIMS WHO KNOW NOTHING ABOUT THE COMPANIONS, THEY DON’T EVEN KNOW THEIR NAMES OR THEIR LIFE STORIES. YET, THEY WILL KNOW THE TOP 10 SONGS IN THE CHARTS, THE LATEST HOLLYWOOD FILM, FOOTBALLERS, ETC. WHAT WOULD THEY SAY AND THINK,IF THEY SAW US TODAY? AFTER ALL THEY DID FOR ISLAM, THEY GAVE UP THEIR LIVES FOR ISLAM AND WERE READY TO DIE FOR IT.. WHAT ABOUT US? WHAT HAVE WE SACRIFICED FOR ISLAM? MAY ALLAH FORGIVE AND GUIDE US, BEFORE OUR TIME IS UP. AMEEN.