Posted by: alqamardesigns | August 23, 2006

# 6 – The difference between a Kafir and an action of Kufr

| By sisters Fatima, Jamila and Qamar.

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Innal-Hamdulillah was-Salaatu was-Salaam `alaa Rasoolillah

Asalaamu’alaykum waRahmatullah,

Insha’allah sister Jamila, sister Fatima and myself sister Qamar will be doing our group presentation on:

“What is Disbelief? The difference between a Kafir, and an act of Kufr.”

Now this subject is a very a serious topic, that each and every one of us needs to be well aware of.

  • To know what is Kufr
  • What actions can we as Muslims do to take us out of the folds of Islaam
  • And can we call another Muslim a Kafir if we see them committing an act of Kufr?

We hope to Insha’Allah cover these areas today.


One of the biggest evils that exist today is Kufr. Kufr in Arabic is to cover or conceal something. In shariah terms (Islamic law) it is to disbelief and rejects the truth.

The truth being – that Allah is one and he has no partners
The truth being – that Islaam is the one and only religion sent to the whole of mankind
The truth being – that the prophet Muhammad (sa) is the last prophet of Allah
The truth being – that the quran is the final revelation, and the true words of allah

Whether it be from doubt, arrogance or the following of ones desire, whether it be in your heart or the uttering of your tongue. To deny these things, is pure disbelief.

To deny any of the articles of faith is disbelief. Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning:

“Anyone who denies Allah, His angels, His books, His Apostles, and the Day of judgment has gone far, far astray.” (Surah An-Nisaa’: 136)

Allah has made it clear that associating partners with Allah is the worst sin of disbelief, and he will not forgive it unless one repents from it before they die. For Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning:

“Verily, Allaah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners (in worship) with Him, but He forgives whom He wills, sins other than that” (Surah An-Nisaa’, 4:116).

The religion of Islaam is to believe and worship Allah in his oneness, and to believe in His prophet Muhammad (sa), to belief in one and not the other is disbelief. For those people who accept Allah for who He is, but denies the Prophet Muhammad is not from those who believe. For our prophet (sa) said:

“Whoever hears about me and then dies without believing in the Message with which I have been sent, but he will be from the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire.” (Hadith Muslim)

So to say Laa elaha illallah Muhammad dur Rasool Allah (that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Prophet Muhammad is the last messenger of Allah): Well, this is the first step of entering into the folds of Islaam … into the folds of belief, but to remain within these folds we need to ensure we do not do any actions of disbelief that will take us straight out.

And the only way to ensure this, is to be well aware of the actions of kufr, in order to never fall into committing such a horrendous sin. The worst sin, that if you die in such a state allah will never forgive you and to think we can say ‘we did not know’ this is not a valid excuse, and on the day of judgement allah will ask ‘why did you not know, for it was an obligation for you to seek knowledge of your religion’.

So just like shirk can take many forms, as it is not simply worshipping an idol, Kufr can also take many forms. And just like there is major shirk that if one commits takes one out of the folds of Islaam, well there is also major kufr known as Al Kufr al Akbar, if one commits this then in the eyes of Allah they are no longer a Muslim let alone a Believer.

The committing of the sin of disbelief will determine whether or not you will enter the paradise or you will enter the hellfire. This was just an introduction to brief you on the seriousness of Kufr.

So now, Insha’Allah sister Fatima will go into detail of the major acts of kufr, but before she does I will pass you onto sister Jamila who will explain the difference Between an Action Being Kufr and the Doer of the Action Being a Kafir. Jazaakallahu khair.


Innal-Hamdulillah was-Salaatu was-Salaam `alaa Rasoolillah. Sister Qamar explained that the word Kaffir refers to a disbelievers.

What is a Kafir

The Quran and the Hadiths give clear proof and evidence that the Christians and Jews are among the disbelievers

Allah clearly declared the Jews and Christians as Kaffir.

The Jews; they lied and twisted the words of our prophet saws in the Quran it states in the interpretation of the meaning:

“Of those who are Jews there are those who alter words from their places and say: We have heard and we disobey distorting the word with their tongues and taunting about religion; and if they had said instead: We have heard and we obey, and hear thou, it would have been better for them and more upright; but Allah has cursed them on account of their unbelief, so they do not believe but a little.” (An-Nisa, Chapter 4, Verse 46)

The Christians; they lied, they say that Allah is three, the Father the Son and the Holy Spirit. In the Quran Allah swt states:

“Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three.” But there is no Ilaah but One Ilaah. And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall on the disbelievers among them” [al-Maa’idah 5:73]

What is Kufr

The word Kufr is used to describe when a Person is committing an act of disbelief. However, for the Muslim when they do minor acts of disbelief, he will still remain a Muslim. But, we must make it very clear that there are some acts of disbelief that will totally nullify one’s Islam. Sister Fatima will go into further explanation presently, describing these Major types of disbelief.

So when a Muslim acts sins such as drinking alcohol; while they are doing that sin they are in a state of disbelief – they are still a muslim, but no longer a believer.

We must not overlook the Muslims who fail to perform some or any of the obligatory pillars of Islam. There are Muslims that choose to only pray on Fridays, there are Muslims that choose to only pray during Ramadan. A true believer is not merely a person who performs any part of the religion as and when he chooses. To neglect the salat is an act of disbelief. The salah is an act so important and vital to Islam that the Prophet, salla Allaahu ‘alaihe wasallam, said; “Between a person and disbelief is discarding prayer” This is narrated in Muslim.

Muslims must remember that true Imaan is comprised of Action as well as statement. There is no point in building upon good deeds while you are committing acts of kuffur, these deeds will be nul and void. Our Imaan increases with obedience but will decrease with disobedience.

Most Muslims who do acts of kuffur, do so from ignorance or laziness. Salat is an easy act of worship except, of course, for those who do not truly submit to Allah; they will find it toilsome. In the Quran Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning: “And seek help in patience and prayer and truly it is prayer extremely heavy and hard except for the true submitting.” [2;45].

How do we as Muslims react to someone doing an act of kuffur? Do we have the right to label them a Kaffir and call them disbelievers? This would be one of the worst things we could do. A lot of Muslims do this when they get mad or disagree with someone. We have to be very careful referring to another Muslim being a Kaffir.

The prophet (sa) said: When a man curses a thing this curse goes up towards Paradise, the doors of Paradise are shut against it, the curse then moves right and left it finds no way for it, then it goes back down to the cursed one if he deserves it or else to the curser.

We can not go around labelling anyone a disbeliever until they have spoken with the people of knowledge. The people of knowledge will inform them of the seriousness of their actions. If they then decide not to obey Allah, and continue with the act of kuffur – only then do the people of knowledge have the authority to label them a disbeliever.

Every Muslim should take the time to study the acts of disbelief.
Laa ilaa ha lila Allaah. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah It is important for every Muslim to learn the significance of this statement. Here at we do just that. We focus on Tawheed, everyday, twice a day we come and learn the meaning behind these words. Our prophet Muhammad saw also focused on the importance of Tawheed. for the people of his time were pagans they were idol worshippers. The prophet stayed in Makkah for thirteen years while he called his people to the Tawheed of Allah. He taught his Companions to begin their call with tawheed. In Bukare and Muslim it is reported that the prophet saw said to Mu’aad Ibn Jabal, “So let the first thing you call them to, be the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.” …that they worship Allaah alone.”

The Disbelievers and those who do acts of disbelief will be punished in Hell. Along with the disbelievers the Christians and Jews will abide in hell forever, never leaving it and never dying. In the Quran, Alllah SubHana wa ta’ala says: for those who reject Allah for them will be the fire of hell, No term shall be determined for them 35:36. Allaah describes their torment as everlasting. He says “Their wish will be to get out of the Fire, but never will they get out therefrom” (5:37)

For those Muslims who committed minor acts of Kufar (without associating partners with Allah).. they too shall enter the hellfire, but only for a time. They will have to be purified by the fires of hell. By the mercy of Allah they will be set free and enter paradise. But as for those who commited Major Kufr, they will abide in there forever

As in Bukhari & Muslim it is narrated that Allah SubHana wa ta’ala will order the angels to take out of hell those who worshipped none but Him alone.

The ignorant Muslims who do acts of kuffur rely on this fact, and say oh but we will go to jannah eventually anyway. These Muslims need to take heed. It is not to be taken likely. If we listen to the presentations on the Punishments of Hellfire which can be downloaded from this site you will discover the horrific punishments in store for those who do acts of disbelief. May Allah have mercy on us all.

I will now pass you over to sister Fatima who will describe to you the Major Acts of Disbelief


Jazakallah Khair Sister Qamar and Jamila. Having now explained clearly what is Kufr and its seriousness as well as the differences between a Kafir and an action of Kufr, I will now go into detail as to the different categories of Al-Kurfural Akbar.
Man by nature man has nafs and desires which compel him to commit evil and go against the rules and regulations set my Allah s.a.w. Clearly, Allah has given us examples of the Jews, who blatantly refuse to accept what was relayed to them, instead of seeing “we hear and obey”, they remained in mockery the message that was given to them by our beloved Prophet s.a.w.

1. Kufrul-‘Inaad – Disbelief out of stubbornness

Having said this, the choice is therefore left to us, do we hear and obey Allah, or do we hear and disobey him. Hence, this brings me to the first kind of Al-Kurfural Akbar, being Kufrul-‘Inaad. This simply means disbelief out of stubbornness. Like the Ayah quoted above about the Jews, this refers to turning your back to something which Allah has command you to do after testifying to it. Brother and Sisters, pay close attention to this. How many times do we hear our fellow Muslims saying that they accept that Allah s.a.w has made the first priority of women is to stay at home and maintain their homes, however, they then go on to claim that we live in modern times and hence, women should be allowed to have careers and make in the corporate ladder. Astagfirullah. How dare we have an opinion in what Allah s.a.w and His messenger have already decreed.

In Surah Al-Ahzaab Ayah 36, Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning: “It is not fitting for any believer, man or women, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter, to have a choice in their affair. And whosoever disobeys Allah and his Messenger, he as gone astray into manifest error”.

So for those Muslims who turn their backs on what Allah has told them, turn to Allah and repent for Allah says that He throws into the Hell fire every stubborn disbeliever.
We can see that the Jews are disbelievers due to their stubbornness, however, this does not mean that it is the only means by which a Muslim can commit disbelief.

2. Kufrul-Kibr – Disbelief due to Pride and arrogance

Pride can be another means by which Kufr can be committed, Yes, pride!

We have all heard of the story of Iblis, refusing to obey the command of Allah thinking that he was superior to Adam and Hawa. Allah punished him but promising him the hell fire and throwing him out of Jannah. This form of disbelief known as Kufrul-Kibr is one that we must all seek refuge in Allah for your destination becomes the hell fire.
Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning:

“And those who disbelieve say: We believe not in this Qur’an nor in that which was before it; but oh, if thou couldst see, when the wrong-doers are brought up before their Lord, how they cast the blame one to another; how those who were despised (in the earth) say unto those who were proud: But for you, we should have been believers.” (Surah Sheba’ 34:31)

So for all those who reject the commands of Allah due to pride, wake up and go seek His forgiveness, for Allah needs nothing of you, but we need and depend on Him for everything.

3. Kufrul-Inkaar – Disbelief of denial

So, you might not be guilty of any of the above forms of disbelief, however, there are many more yet to come, and one of them is, Kufrul-Inkaar: Disbelief of denial. You see, when Allah says one thing, and we do or say another, then that is a clear cut Kufrul-Inkaar. Yes, Allah has clearly stated in the Holy Quran that what ever happens to us in this life is only by His will and nothing else. However, we have heard of people who leave Islam just because their child died. Instead of being patient and accepting that it was what Allah s.w.t will, they deny His Qadr and turn their backs on Him not both with their tongues and hearts. Astagfirullah. May Allah save us from such ignorance and disbelief.

4. Kufrul-Juhood – Disbelief out of rejection.

Ok, so one can be guilty of disbelief both with their tongues and hearts at the same time, but please pay heed, disbelief does not have to be with both, it can be by tongue only having already testified and believed with your heart and this is known as Kufrul-Juhood or disbelief out of rejection.

Soon after the Prophet s.a.w passed away, some Muslims felt that they did not have to pay the Zakaat any longer, consequently, Abu Bakr waged the apostasy wars on them for refusing to accept one of the pillars of Islam. So therefore, rejecting a pillar of Islam will certainly take you out of the fold of Islam and you can be labelled a Kafir like sister jaimila as already explained.
So Muslims who have a clear understanding of their obligations to perform the Salaat, but they still refrain from doing it claiming that all that matters is what’s in the heart and that even though they are not praying, they are still good people. Surly, they speak from nothing but their desires.

Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning: “They denied them (our signs) even though their hearts believed in them, out of spite and arrogance.” (Surah Naml: 14)

5. Kufrul-Nifaaq – Disbelief out of hypocrisy

The next type of disbelief is Kufrul-Nifaaq: Disbelief out of hypocrisy..We all know that not everyone who calls himself a Muslim is a Muslim; some just call themselves Muslims in order to perhaps infiltrate the believers and spy on them. Allah calls such fake people Munafiqs and Subhanallah, their destination is nowhere but in the “lowest depths of the Hell fire” like Allah told us in [Surah An Nisaa (4), Ayah 145]

I seek refuse in Allah for all us from hypocrisy! Ameen.

In discussing the 7th form of disbelief, I would first like to pose a question to you, do you feel so much anger and frustration by the fact that you have to wear a hijab or grow the beard, or by the fact that Allah has told us that we must not commit Zina, or drink alcohol?

6. Kufrul-Kurh – Disbelief out of detesting any of Allah’s (swt) commands

Well, seek refuge in Allah now and ask for forgiveness if your answer is yes, or sometimes, for surly, this is Kufrul-Kurh: Disbelief out of detesting any of Allah’s (swt) commands

Allah has said in the interpretation of the meaning: “Perdition (destruction) has been consigned to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void. This is because they are averse to that which Allah has revealed so He has made their actions fruitless”. [Surah Muhammad (47), Ayah 8-9]

Subhanallah, may we be of those who say, we hear and we obey Ameen.

7. Kufrul-Istihzaha – Mocking the religion of Islaam

Moving to the next form of disbelief: Kufrul-Istihzaha: Perhaps some of us have seen Muslims sitting on the internet making a joke of Islam, trying to make a spectacle of the deen perhaps with the aim of removing the edge the seriousness of Islam, or laughing at themselves before others do. Well, the Muslims here and other God fearing Muslims see no fun or Joke in making fun of our religion that we hold most sacred and dear to our hearts. If you are a Muslim or even a non Muslim, who makes fun of the dress of Muslim women by calling it funny names. I and my sisters call you to have fear of Allah for Allah has said in the interpretation of the meaning:

Say: Was it at Allah, His signs and His apostles that you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed. [Surah Taubah (9), Ayah 65-66]

8. Kufrul-Istihaal – Disbelief out of trying to make the HARAM into HALAAL

‘The lawful is what Allah has made lawful in His Book and the unlawful is that which He made unlawful.’

What He has left out is a mercy from Him, so accept Allah’s mercy. Surely Allah would not forget a thing. Having said that, the question we want to pose to those Muslim who want to try to reverse this is that: who gives you authority to do this? Doing this or even attempting to do this will make you guilty of Kufrul-Istihaal.

In the interpretation of the meaning, Allah says: “or have they associates who have laid down for them as religion that for which God gave not leave?” (AI-Shura -21). Aoodubillahi Minashaitani rajeem.

9. Kufrul-I’raadh – Disbelief due to avoidance.

Another form of disbelief is Kufrul-I’raadh: Disbelief due to avoidance. Allah said in the interpretation of the meaning:

“And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord’s signs but then turns away from them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgement)” [Surah Kahf(18), Ayah 57]

What this means is that, When Allah tells you want thing, you want to do another, hence avoiding the command of Allah. Allah has clearly told us in the Holy Quran that we must not make the Jews and Christians our friend, for they are friends of one another. But what do muslims do, once they know this, they still continue befriending them avoiding the laws of Allah.

10. Kufrul-Istibdaal: Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allah’s Laws

Finally for now, Kufrul-Istibdaal: Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allah’s Laws. Islam is a complete way of life and hence, teaches how to do each and every single thing, from eating, to going to the bathroom to sleeping. Allah regulates each and every action we do..and even how to get married. But what do some muslims do, they go get married in the Kafir courts and live as husband and wife..astagfirullah. what about the rules Allah has laid down regarding how to get married. Is that not good enough, astagfirullah.

Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning: ” Or have they partners with Allah who have instituted for them a religion, which Allah has not allowed.” [Surah Shuraa(42), Ayah 8]

Subhanallah, Islam is a simply way of life that has been perfected by Allah..there are no flaws or mistakes in it..for Allah never makes a mistake..But stubborn as we can be, we ignore the commands of Allah, being a slave to our desires..and therefore, this can take us out of the fold of islam. Aoodubillahi Minashaitani rajeem.

These are only a few examples of the forms of disbelief and ones that we need to be aware of and seek refuge in Allah from. We ask Allah to make us of the humble and obedient believers who once Allah instructs them with something..we say “we hear and we obey” and not question it. Ameen. Jazakallah khair.
Asalamu alaikum Warahmatoulahi Wabarakatuhu.


Jazaakallahu khair sister Jamila and sister Fatima, I will now conclude by saying:

Allah makes it very clear without a doubt that if any of us take any other religion except the religion of Islaam it will not be accepted by him and we would be losers in the hereafter. Falling into disbelief is the worst thing any human being can do. For Allah says in the interpretation of the meaning:

“Those who have disbelieved and died in disbelief, the earth full of gold would not be accepted from any of them if it were offered as a ransom. They will have a painful punishment, and they will have no helpers.” (Surah Al Imran, 3:91)

Allah is telling us here, that even if the disbelievers offered Allah a world full of gold to be saved from the hellfire, it would not be accepted by Allah, their only abode will be the hellfire, eternal punishment for committing the evils of disbelief and they would have no one to help them.

Allah has given us the best way of life – Islaam, and the best example to follow our prophet Muhammad (sa) – now his favour is complete upon us, and he has given us free will, to be able to decide what choices we make in this life. So we will have no one to blame but ourselves.

So my fellow Muslims, ask yourself this question, what do you want? Do you want the Paradise, of eternal happiness and bliss? Or do you want the Hellfire, of eternal pain and torture? Well, the choice is ours, we either live our lives in obedience to our Creator or we choice to live our lives in disbelief, disbelieving in Allah and disbelieving in his prophet Muhammad (sa).

Do not take this matter of disbelief lightly.

So, again remember the choice is yours, be careful for the decision that you make, for it will determine your ending in the hereafter, the hereafter being our final destination.

Alhamdulillah we have now come to the end of our presentation. Insha’Allah we hope this presentation has been a benefit to you all.

Jazaakallahu khair, may Allah have mercy on us all, I pray to Allah for him to allow us to stand with the prophet Muhammad (sa) on the day of judgement, and for Allah to allow us into his Jannah. Ameen. Asalaamu’alaykum waRahmatullah waBarakaatuhu!


  1. Mashallah. Jazaki Allah Khairan.

  2. Greetings from Ohio! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided
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    break. I really lke the knowledge you provide hewre and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.

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  3. Waalaikumussalam……. Jazaakallahu khair

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